Coral Reef tank could be considered as a blessing after your long stressful day! With this kind of aquarium you can keep colorful exotic marine fishes, delicate and hard corals, spineless creatures, mushrooms corals and many more. Visitors in your house would love to gaze upon your tank for quite a long period. If a standard size reef tank seems quite a hassle for you then there are some awesome alternative for you. A nano reef tank which comes with most of the essential kits can you the right choice for your living room of office.
The most imperative piece of a coral reef aquarium is the filtration framework. Regular canister or freshwater stuff is not adequate for marine tanks. Because the biological filtration doesn’t happen inside the filter media. Rather it take place in the live rocks of you marine tank. Beneficial bacteria colony that consumes ammonia and produce nitrate as a biproduct live inside the live rocks.
In a Reef tank you will need a sump for accommodating the gears and reactors without compromising the visual appeal of the display tank. A must piece of equipment is the protein skimmer. It works like a charm to remove the gunks and uneaten food from the water column to reduce the chance of producing excess ammonia.
For live rocks there are certain measurements that you should keep in mind while building your reef tank. The rule of thumb is 1 lbs of live rock per 1 gallon of water. So lets say you have a 55 gallon tank. So you would need roughly 55 lbs of live rock for an effective filtration system.
Selection of light is the next important part. In a FOWLR (fish only with live rock) tank the light is not much important because there it will be used just to see your fishes. So you can choose any color or intensity which you most like for a FOWLR tank. But things are different in a coral reef. Corals produce their food through photosynthesis and they need light to run this process. You need the light spectrum between 10,000 K to 20,000 K considering the selection of corals that you want to keep.
Next thing you need is a good quality water heater. Measure the water volume of your tank in gallon and multiply it with 5 to get the watt rating for your tank. If the tank is 20 gallon, go for a 100 watt heater for it. This seems a bit overkill but trust me it will save money and increase efficiency.
For a saltwater tank you need salt, obviously. Lots of brands available in the market. Select a salt which has the acceptable parameters for calcium, magnesium and alkalinity. You can find out the requirement of your coral and then decide accordingly.
Corals love waterflow and depending on the species a waterflow of 15 to 50 times of your water volume per hour can be required. So select your corals first and then choose a wave maker that can generate the necessary water flow inside the tank.
It is extremely rewarding to have a coral reef with all the under-sea beauty in your home. The setup may seem overwhelming at the first look but once you are done the maintenance is quite easy. Welcome to the wonderful world of marine aquarium.